Stock markets in the US and Europe plunged on Thursday as fears about US-China trade tensions and global growth continued to mount.
All three main Wall Street indexes fell more than 2%, though they regained some ground later in the session.
In London the FTSE 100 tumbled 3.2%, or more than 200 points, to close around 6,700 – its lowest level in two years.
Falls on European markets were even sharper, with Paris and Frankfurt both shedding almost 3.5%.
Oil prices also sank, with Brent crude more than 3% lower.
Analysts said the arrest of Chinese telecoms giant Huawei’s chief financial officer in Canada had revived worries over the US’s trade war with China.
The renewed falls on Wall Street came as trading resumed after Wednesday’s stock market closure to mark the funeral of former President George HW Bush.
The downturn quashed hopes that the markets might return to health after losses on Tuesday, when the Dow Jones index finished down 3%.
On Thursday, concerns about oil prices, trade tensions and slowing growth sparked steep losses at financial, energy and materials companies in the US.
Worst-hit sectors on the FTSE 100 included miners, oil companies, carmakers and tech stocks, with mining firms Antofagasta and Glencore among the biggest losers.
Earlier, Asian markets had also fallen, with Tokyo’s Nikkei index shedding 1.9% and the Hang Seng in Hong Kong down 2.5%.
Analysis by Michelle Fleury
The US stock market is having another ugly day.
Coming up with culprits for the most recent panic isn’t hard.
Investors fear the trade war between China and the US will escalate. They worry America’s central bank will raise interest rates too far. And they’re concerned about Britain’s exit from the European Union. All factors that could hurt company profits.
The tougher question to answer is where the market is headed. Will it keep going down or bounce back?
Many on Wall Street are describing the recent stock turbulence as a market correction – defined as a drop of at least 10% from a recent high.
How long it lasts depends on what investors perceive are the prospects for global economic growth.
And right now the psychology of the markets appears fragile.
Oil prices fell on Thursday as traders waited for news from the meeting of Opec oil-producing nations in Vienna, with some member states keen to agree on a production cut to drive up prices.
Members tentatively agreed to cut output but were waiting for a commitment from Russia, which is not in the cartel, before making any firm decisions, according to insiders.
Investors were also reacting to new figures for the US trade deficit, which measures the difference between imports and exports of goods and services.
That gap increased to $55.5bn in October – the highest level in a decade – as major markets including China, the European Union and Mexico purchased fewer US products.
All three markets have hit US goods with new import duties in retaliation for tariffs imposed by the Trump administration.
Laith Khalaf, senior analyst at Hargreaves Lansdown, said: “The arrest of Huawei’s CFO has reignited fears that trade reconciliation between the US and China may not be forthcoming any time soon.
“The market is spooked by the damage a continuing trade war could do to global economic prospects, and that’s hitting share prices in the UK and overseas. “
Norman Villamin, chief investment officer at Switzerland’s Union Bancaire Privée, said the US-China clash represented much more than just a tussle over trade.
“It’s not about trade – it’s about who is going to be the economic and political leader of the world in 10 to 20 years from now. It’s about tech, and who is going to dominate that landscape,” he said.